Nelson Mandela was the first black president of South Africa to be elected in a fully-representative democratic election. Before his presidency, he was a prominent anti-apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress. After resorting to using guerilla factions to get his message across, the leader was deemed a terrorist and imprisoned for 27 years on Robben Island. He was released in 1990, and since then has been recognized as an international symbol of freedom, receiving hundreds of awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize
- Deputy: Walter Sisulu, Thabo Mbeki
- Preceded by: Andrés Pastrana Arango
- Succeeded by: Thabo Mbeki
- Born: Rolihlahla Mandela (1918-07-18) 18 July 1918 Mvezo, Cape Province, Union of South Africa (now Eastern Cape)
- Died: 5 December 2013 (2013-12-05) (aged 95) Johannesburg, Gauteng, Republic of South Africa
- Resting place: Mandela Graveyard Qunu, Eastern Cape, South Africa
- Political party: African National Congress
- Other political affiliations: South African Communist
- Children: Makgatho, Makaziwe, Zenani, Zindziswa)
- Parents: Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (father)
- Alma mater: University of Fort Hare, University of London, University of South Africa, University of the Witwatersrand
- Occupation: Activist, politician, philanthropist, lawyer
- Known for: Internal resistance to apartheid
- Awards: Sakharov Prize (1988), Bharat Ratna (1990), Nishan-e-Pakistan (1992), Nobel Peace Prize (1993), Lenin Peace Prize (1990), Presidential Medal of Freedom, (hundreds more...)
- Website: Official website
- Nickname(s): Madiba, Dalibunga
- Notable works: Long Walk to Freedom
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